09.01.04 - Office of the Secretary - Final Regulations
FINAL ACTION ON REGULATIONS
MARYLAND REGISTER, VOLUME 44, ISSUE 25,
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 8, 2017
Subtitle 10 OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
09.01.04 Public Information Act Requests
Authority: Business Regulation Article, §2-105; General Provisions Article, Title 4; Annotated Code of Maryland
Notice of Final Action
On November 14, 2017, the Secretary of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation adopted amendments to Regulations .01, .02, and .04, the repeal of existing Regulations .05—.07, .15, and .16, amendments to and the recodification of existing Regulations .08—.12, .13, .14, and .17 to be Regulations .05—.09, .11, .12, and .13, respectively, and new Regulation .10 under COMAR 09.01.04 Public Information Act Requests. This action, which was proposed for adoption in 44:20 Md. R. 949—952 (September 29, 2017), has been adopted as proposed.
Effective Date: December 18, 2017.
KELLY M. SCHULZ
Secretary of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation
A. These regulations set out procedures for filing requests with the Department of Labor, Licensing, and Regulation (the Department) for the inspection and copying of records under [Access to Public Records, State Government Article, Title 10, Subtitle 6, Part III,] the Public Information Act, General Provisions Article, Title 4, Annotated Code of Maryland.
B. It is the policy of the Department to facilitate public access to the records of the Department, when access is allowed by law, by minimizing costs and time delays to persons requesting information.
A. ["Act" means the Public Information Act, State Government Article, Title 10, Subtitle 6, Part III, Annotated Code of Maryland.
B. "Applicant" means a person requesting disclosure of public records.] Unless otherwise noted, the definitions set forth in General Provisions Article, Title 4, Annotated Code of Maryland, apply in this chapter.
[C.] B. "Custodian" means [an authorized person] the Secretary of the Department or the Secretary’s designee employed by the Department [having] who has personal custody and control of public records of the Department.
[D. "Department" means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation
E. "MPIA officer" means the person assigned to each major component of the Department responsible for monitoring and processing MPIA requests submitted to his or her agency.
F. "Official Custodian" means the person who is responsible for the maintenance, care, and keeping of the public records of the Department. Unless otherwise provided by law, the Secretary is the official custodian of the Department's records.
G. "Public records" means all paper, correspondence, forms, books, photographs, photostats, films, microfilms, sound recordings, maps, drawings, or other written documents, regardless of physical form or characteristics. Public records includes all copies made or received by the Department in connection with the transaction of public business and includes the salaries of all employees of the Department.]
C. ”PIA Coordinator” means the Department employee who is responsible for accepting, monitoring, and, with advice from the Department’s legal staff, processing of requests for public records.
D. “Public Access Ombudsman” means the official appointed under General Provisions Article, Title 4, Subtitle 1B, to address disputes under the Public Information Act, General Provisions Article, Title 4, Annotated Code of Maryland.
[H.] E. (text unchanged)
[I.] F. "Working day" means a day other than Saturday, Sunday, [or] a State holiday, or a day of State emergency closure.
[J.] G. "Written documents" means all books, papers, copies of electronic communications, maps, photographs, cards, tapes, computer disks, flash drives, recordings, computerized records, and other documentary materials, regardless of physical form or characteristics.
.04 [Necessity for Written] Request to Inspect a Public Record.
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this regulation, the custodian shall generally make public records available for inspection by an applicant without demanding a written request.
(2) The custodian shall require a written request if the custodian reasonably believes that the Act or any other law may prevent the disclosure of the record to the applicant or that a written request will materially assist the Department in responding to the request.
B. Copies. If the applicant is requesting a copy of any public record, the custodian may require a written request by the applicant.]
A. Necessity for Written Request. Except as otherwise provided in General Provisions Article, Title 4, Annotated Code of Maryland, the custodian shall require a written request via regular or electronic means from a person or governmental unit that wishes to inspect a public record.
B. Contents of Written Request. A written request shall contain the applicant's name and address, shall be signed by the applicant, and shall reasonably identify by brief description the record sought.
C. Addressee. A written request shall be addressed to the custodian of the record. If the custodian is unknown to the applicant, the request may be addressed to the Secretary.
[.08] .05 Response to Written Request.
A. Decision to Grant a Request.
(1) If the custodian decides to grant a written request for inspection, [he] the custodian shall [produce] be responsible for producing the public record for inspection immediately or within a reasonable period, not to exceed 30 days from the date [of] the request [when that period of time is needed to retrieve the information] was received.
(2) If the custodian reasonably believes that it will take more than ten (10) working days to produce the public record, the custodian shall indicate in writing via regular or electronic mail within 10 working days after receipt of the request:
(a) The amount of time the custodian anticipates it will take to produce the public record;
(b) An estimate of the range of fees that may be charged to comply with the request for public records; and
(c) The reason why it will take more than 10 working days to produce the public records.
B. Decision to Deny a Request.
(1) If the custodian decides to deny the written request, [he] the custodian shall do so within 30 days [of] after receipt of the written request and shall immediately [upon deciding to deny the request,] notify the applicant of the denial [, and the reason for it].
(2) If a request is denied, the custodian shall provide the applicant, at the time of the denial or within 10 working days, a written statement that provides the following information:
(a) The reason for the denial, including, for records denied under General Provisions Article, §4-343, Annotated Code of Maryland, a brief explanation of:
(i) Why the denial is necessary; and
(ii) Why the harm from disclosure of the public record would be greater than the public interest in providing access to the information in the public record such that disclosure of the public record would be contrary to the public interest;
(b) The legal authority for the denial;
(c) Without disclosing the protected information, a brief description of the undisclosed records that will enable the applicant to assess the applicability of the legal authority for the denial; and
(d) Notice of the remedies available for review of the denial.
C. Records Not in Custody or Control.
(1) If a requested public record is not in the custody or control of the person to whom written application is made, that person shall, within 10 working days of the receipt of the request, notify the applicant that the person does not have custody or control of the requested public record.
(2) If that person knows the name of the custodian of the public record or the location or possible location of the record, this information shall also be given to the applicant.
D. [With the consent of the applicant, any time limit imposed by §§A—C may be extended for an additional period not to exceed 30 days] Extension of Time. Any time limit imposed under this regulation may be extended either with the consent of the applicant for an additional period not to exceed 30 days, or if the applicant seeks resolution of a dispute under General Provisions Article, §4-1B-04, Annotated Code of Maryland, before the Public Access Ombudsman.
[.09] .06 [Records Temporarily Unavailable] Electronic Records.
[If a requested public record is in the custody and control of the person to whom written application is made but is not immediately available for inspection or copying, the custodian shall, within 10 working days of the receipt of the request, notify the applicant and set a date and hour within a reasonable time for inspection or copying.]
A. Except as provided in §§C and D of this regulation, the custodian shall provide an applicant with a copy of the public record in a searchable and analyzable electronic format if:
(1) The public record is in a searchable and analyzable electronic format;
(2) The applicant requests a copy of the public record in a searchable and analyzable electronic format; and
(3) The custodian is able to provide a copy of the public record, in whole or in part, in a searchable and analyzable electronic format that does not disclose information that may not be disclosed under the Act.
B. The custodian shall provide a portion of the public record in a searchable and analyzable electronic format if:
(1) Requested by the applicant; and
(2) The custodian is able to do so by using the existing functions of the database or software program that contains the searchable and analyzable data.
C. The custodian is not required to:
(1) Create or reconstruct a public record in an electronic format if the public record is not available in an electronic format; or
(2) Release an electronic record in a format that would jeopardize or compromise the security or integrity of the original record or of any proprietary software in which the record is maintained.
D. The custodian may remove metadata from an electronic document before providing the electronic record to an applicant by:
(1) Using a software program or function; and
(2) Converting the electronic record into a different searchable and analyzable format.
[.10] .07 Public Records Destroyed or Lost.
If the custodian is aware that a requested public record of the Department has been destroyed or lost, the custodian [to whom the application is made shall, within 10 working days of the request, notify the applicant of this fact and explain in the response the reasons why the record cannot be produced] shall within a reasonable time notify the applicant that the public record is not available and explain the reasons why the public record cannot be produced.
[.11] .08 Review of the Denial.
A. If [a written request is denied by the custodian for a reason other than that stated in Regulations .09 or .10, above,] the custodian denies a request to inspect or copy a public record of the Department, the applicant may[, within 30 days after receipt of the notice of the denial, request an administrative hearing] file an action for judicial enforcement under General Provisions Article, §4-362, Annotated Code of Maryland, without pursuing the remedies set forth in §§B and C of this regulation.
B. [If the applicant requests a hearing, the hearing shall be conducted by a hearing officer designated by the Secretary and the hearing shall be governed by State Government Article, Title 10, Subtitle 2, Annotated Code of Maryland. After the hearing, the hearing officer shall prepare a recommended decision for the Secretary. The Secretary shall issue the final decision of the Department.] If the custodian charges a fee of more than $350 under Regulation .12 of this chapter, the applicant may, within 90 days after the date the fee is imposed, file a written complaint with the Board under General Provisions Article, §4-1A-05(a), Annotated Code of Maryland.
C. [If the hearing results in a total or partial denial of the written request, the applicant may file an appropriate action in the circuit court under State Government Article, § 10-623, Annotated Code of Maryland.] The applicant and the custodian may contact the Public Access Ombudsman to resolve, under General Provisions Article, Title 4, Subtitle 1B, Annotated Code of Maryland, a dispute relating to a request for public records.
[D. If the applicant chooses not to request a hearing under § A, above, the applicant may file an action for judicial enforcement under State Government Article, § 10-623, Annotated Code of Maryland, without exhausting that administrative remedy.]
[.12] .09 Disclosure Against Public Interest.
A. Denial Pending Court Order.
(1) If, in the opinion of the Secretary, disclosure of any public record that is otherwise required to be disclosed under the Act would do substantial injury to the public interest, the Secretary may temporarily deny the request and seek a court order allowing continued nondisclosure.
(2) A temporary denial shall be in writing [and apply within 10 working days of the denial to the appropriate circuit court for an order permitting continued denial or restriction of access. Notice of the application filed with the circuit court shall be served on the applicant in the same manner that is provided for service of process by the Maryland Rules of Procedure].
B. Circuit Court Review.
(1) Within 10 working days after the denial, the Secretary shall apply to the appropriate circuit court for an order permitting continued denial or restriction of access.
(2) Notice of the Secretary’s complaint shall be served on the applicant in the manner provided for service of process by the Maryland Rules.
.10 Time and Place of Inspection.
A. An applicant may inspect any public record that the applicant is entitled to inspect during the normal working hours of the Department.
B. The place of inspection shall be the place where the public record is located, unless the custodian, after taking into account the applicant’s expressed preferences, determines that another place of inspection is more suitable and convenient.
[.13] .11 Inspection of Occupational and Professional Licensing Data for Compelling Public Purpose.
A. A compelling public purpose shall be deemed to exist under [State Government Article, §10-617(h)(3),] General Provisions Article, §4-333, Annotated Code of Maryland, and the custodian of occupational and professional licensing records within the Department may permit the right of inspection of occupational and professional licensing data on individual persons other than that data specified under [State Government Article, §10-617(h)(2),] General Provisions Article, §4-333, Annotated Code of Maryland, as set forth in this regulation.
B. — D. (text unchanged)
[.14] .12 Fees.
A. The fee schedule for copying and certifying copies of records is as follows:
(1) Copies. [The fee for each copy is 25 cents per page if reproduction is made by a photocopying machine within the Department. If records are not susceptible to photocopying (for example, punch cards, magnetic tapes, blueprints, and microfilm), the fee for copies will be based on the actual cost of reproduction.]
(a) The fee for each copy made is 25 cents per page if reproduction is made by a standard printer or photocopying or scanning machine within the Department;
(b) The fee for each copy made otherwise shall be based on the actual cost of reproduction.
(2) Certification of Copies. If a person requests that a copy of a public record be certified as a true copy, an additional fee of $1 per page (or, if appropriate, per item) shall be charged.
(3) Minimum Fee Charged. A charge will not be made if the total amount of the fee would be [$1] $5 or less.
B. Notwithstanding §A[above] of this regulation, if the fees for copies, print-outs, photographs, or certified copies of any public record are specifically prescribed by a law other than the Act or this regulation, the prescribed fee shall be charged.
C. If the custodian is unable to copy a public record within the Department, the custodian shall make arrangements for the prompt reproduction of the record at public or private facilities outside the Department. The custodian shall either collect from the applicant a fee to cover the actual cost of reproduction or direct the applicant to pay the cost of reproduction directly to the facility making the copy.
D. Before copying a record, the custodian shall estimate the cost of reproduction, including any search and preparation fees, and either obtain the agreement of the applicant to pay the cost or [demand] require prepayment of any estimated fee before reproducing the record.
E. Search and Preparation Fees.
(1) Except as provided in [§F, below] §E(2) of this regulation, the official custodian may charge reasonable fees for [official or employee] time expended fulfilling the following tasks:
(a) [searching] Searching for requested public records[ or for any time expended preparing records for inspection and copying.];
(b) Reviewing requested public records for potential disclosure; and
(c) Preparing public records for inspection and copying.
[F.] (2) The official custodian may not charge any search or preparation fee for the first 2 hours of [official or employee] time that is needed to respond to a request [for information] to copy or inspect a public record.
[G.] F. [Upon request, the] Waiver or Reduction of Fee.
(1) The official custodian may waive or reduce any fee charged pursuant to this regulation if:
[the custodian determines that the waiver or reduction is in the public interest. The official custodian shall consider, among other relevant factors, the ability of the applicant to pay the cost or fee.]
(a) The applicant requests a waiver; and
(b) The custodian determines that the waiver or reduction is in the public interest or if the applicant is indigent and files an affidavit verifying the facts support a claim of indigency.
(2) In determining whether a fee is in the public interest, the custodian shall consider, among other relevant factors, the ability of the applicant to pay the fee.
[H.] G. If the applicant requests that copies of a public record be mailed or delivered to the applicant or a third party, the custodian may charge the applicant for the cost of postage or delivery [to the applicant].
[.17] .13 Sociological Information.
A. Definition. For purposes of this regulation and as provided for under General Provisions Article, §4-330, Annotated Code of Maryland, "sociological information" means any of the following information requested from the Department:
(1) — (5) (text unchanged)
B. Nondisclosure. [The] Unless otherwise prohibited from disclosure under applicable state or federal laws, the Department may not disclose sociological information to a requester, except that sociological information may be disclosed:
(1) (text unchanged)
(2) [To parties litigating claims for unemployment insurance to the extent the sociological information would be available to private parties in litigation;
(3)] When required by a duly issued subpoena; or
[(4)] (3) (text unchanged)